"Sanfor" - protected trademark for fabrics that have been shrink-proofed using a special process and tested according to the standard regulations of the licensing company. The Sanfor standard of +/- 1% means that fabrics with the Sanfor label may not shrink or lengthen in the laundry by more than 1% in width and length. The term "Sanfor" or "Sanfor Standard" refers only to the fabric, not to the process itself. This is known as controlled, compressive shrinkage (Cluett system), which is a purely mechanical process (compression) carried out on special machines.
Satin Down Density
Down-proof satin is a weft satin (atlas or satin weave) in which the weft thread passes over four warp threads and under the fifth. Due to the open weave, the fabric construction must be such that even more warp and weft threads per cm² are used than with ticking and weft insertion.
Satin stripe dot cube
Fabrics patterned by glued-together weft and warp atlas weaves.
(see also Atlas weave) Satin is the French term for atlas. It is characterized by the smooth, closed, matt to very shiny fabric surface. A distinction is made between warp and weft satin or warp and weft satin. Warp satin shows more warp threads on the right side of the fabric, weft satin shows more weft threads. Atlas and satin fabrics always have thread floats over at least four threads. The right and left fabric side always show a different structure. In practice, light, fine-threaded fabrics in satin weave are usually designated satin and heavy, strong fabrics satin.
Sound insulation molton
Roughened surfaces and high fabric weight dampens the background noise in the room, such as reverberation and background noise. This so-called absorption capacity of sound-absorbing molton is therefore often used as sound-absorbing wall cladding, ceiling suspension or as an acoustic improvement. Heavy molleton materials are used for rehearsal rooms, recording studios, restaurants and rest areas in care facilities such as hospitals and nursing homes.
The degree of damping varies depending on the pitch. Medium-frequency and high pitches can be absorbed very well with sound-absorbing molleton and molleton materials are therefore also known as "high-frequency absorbers". At lower frequencies, however, more must be done and a significantly higher amount of material must be expected, because basses are less absorbed by molleton.
A distinction is made between sound damping and sound absorption. Acoustic sound insulation is intended to improve the acoustics in a room such as a recording studio. Often walls and ceilings are suspended with molleton to achieve sound recordings without disturbing background noise. Here...
Shearing - brushing - cutting
For fabrics such as terry velour, nicky etc., the additional thread system intended for the pile is cut open. By shearing one or more times, an even pile height is achieved; by brushing the pile is raised and the sheared yarn parts are removed.
Protected designation for a fluorine-based stain protection finish. Fabrics finished with Scotchgard (oleophol) have oil (grease) and water repellent properties. Oils, fats, milk, cream, sauces, coffee, fruit juices, alcohol, ink and similar stains can usually be removed by dabbing with an absorbent cloth or paper handkerchief.
Fabric with crepe-like, stripe-like raised areas.
There are two different manufacturing variants:
1. in weaving, threads with different yarn tensions are used, or threads which, due to their different construction, have a different elasticity in the finish during washing, resulting in the typical crepe effect.
2. lye is applied during printing or finishing of the fabric, which also produces the desired crepe effect.
Burning of protruding fibre ends to achieve a smooth yarn or a particularly smooth surface. This gives the finished product a more attractive appearance and reduces soiling.
It characterizes the closedness of a fabric and indicates how many threads are located on a certain area (e.g. cm²) in warp or weft direction. If two numbers are separated by diagonal stitch, e.g. 28/23, the first indicates the warp and the second the weft thread count.
is a bobbinet fabric used on stage with the property that it appears either permeable or impermeable depending on the light. If the headlights illuminate the Sharktooth from the front, the unlit stage behind the Sharktooth cannot be seen. If the headlights illuminate the stage behind the Sharktooth, you can hardly see the Sharktooth anymore or you can look through it. Please have a look...
a cotton fabric woven with a plain weave and relatively light (100-200 g/qm). Shirting is always also a nettle fabric, but it is always bleached white and is often used as a background for a projection at trade fairs and events. The shirting is usually stretched on wooden walls and then projected from the front. Please have a look...
Designation for fine, smooth knitwear or for single-surface weft knitwear. It is produced on machines with one needle row. The term right-left fabric, which is also commonly used for single jersey, is particularly applicable, as one side of the fabric has only right stitches and the other only left stitches.
are such acoustic fabrics that are used for sound insulation and sound reduction. A distinction must be made as to whether a volume reduction is to take place in the room or in the adjacent room. The so-called reverberation time can also be significantly reduced by sound absorbers - of course, the quantity used must be in proportion to the size of the room. Please have a look...
Standard 100 by Öko-Tex
The label tests textiles for their pollutant content. In principle, textile products of all processing stages are suitable for certification, from yarns to finished fabrics and finished articles. The prints and coatings applied to the outer fabric can also be tested.
Reference to fabrics (woven or knitted) which have particular elasticity. This is achieved in a variety of ways, e.g. by using textured yarns, elastane threads or by finishing. The construction of the respective goods also plays an important role. Please have a look here...